Lazy eye is a commonly used term for both amblyopia and strabismus. Amblyopia generally results in poor vision without any obvious injury or disease to the eyeball. Strabismus represents any misalignment of the eyes.
Amblyopia can be treated using an eye patch and more frequently, the use of blurring drops. The younger the age of the child when amblyopia is diagnosed, the easier and more successful treatment is. Generally, amblyopia becomes most difficult to treat after the age of seven or eight but with persistence, even in these more advanced years, some success is possible. Untreated amblyopia will result in a permanent decrease in vision, even to the level of functionally blind.
Strabismus, or misalignment of the eyes, is quite serious. Strabismus often leads to amblyopia. If strabismus occurs during early childhood, it is generally an otherwise benign condition. Treatment requires either glasses or sometimes, surgical intervention. Acquired misalignment of the eyes as an adult, can be an indication of a more serious underlying problem and must be evaluated promptly.
For more information regarding lazy eye, amblyopia or strabismus, contact your health care provider.