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Have Fun, Be Safe: Summer Safety Tips from UC San Diego Medical Center 

 

June 29, 2009 

The staff at the UC San Diego Medical Center reminds our community of some simple but helpful precautions.

Sun & Skin

The Regional Burn Center at UC San Diego Medical Center treats many children and adults with severe sunburns during the summer season. 

Many people doze off while lying in the sun at the beach, by the bay or the pool.  Severe sunburn can occur on gloomy days due to the intensity of the ultraviolet rays and sun, reflected off the water, is even more intense and can lead to more serious burns.

Brian Jiang, M.D., Associate Clinical Professor in the Division of Dermatology in the School of Medicine recommends wearing sunscreen with a UVA/UVB protection factor of at least 15.  Apply sunscreen 15 to 30 minutes before going outside, and re-apply every 2 hours.  Wear a wide brim hat and tightly woven clothing.  The American Association of Dermatologists (AAD) has approved certain brands which are good for sun protection.

In general, children of all ages should stay out of strong, prolonged sunlight; however, sunscreen can be safely used from age six months forward.  If for some reason it is unavoidable for an infant to be in the sunlight, sunscreen is probably safe at any age.

Sun & Sight

Sunglasses are sunscreens for the eyes.  They protect eyes from the harmful UV-A and UV-B rays of the sun.  Sunglasses play a key role in saving your eyes from sight-ending diseases such as macular degeneration, cataracts or skin cancer around the eyelids.  UC San Diego experts recommend comfortable sunglasses that reduce glare and filter out at least 99 percent of both UV-A and UV-B rays. 

“Everyone is at risk for eye problems caused by the sun.  Kids and adults,” said Stuart Brown, M.D., professor and Chair of the UCSD Department of Ophthalmology, and Director of the UCSD Shiley Eye Center.  “So everyone should wear UV blocking sunglasses.”

Hot Coals

Accidents involving hot coals can cause severe burns and a child can sustain life-threatening burns.  Hot coals should always be disposed of in designated containers at the beach or bay.  Do not bury coals with sand.  Hot coals covered by sand can retain an intense heat for up to 24 hours. 

If a child is burned by hot coals, immediately cool the area but DO NOT use ice.  Never apply ice to a burn.  Experts from the Regional Burn Center at UC San Diego Medical Center recommend using cold water to cool the burn and, at the same time, wash away the sand and debris.  If there is time, apply and antibiotic ointment, but get right to the emergency room.

Fireworks

Fireworks are illegal in San Diego County and extremely dangerous.  Each year the Regional Burn Center treats patients who have suffered fire-works related injuries, including those from small fireworks called “poppers” that easily fit in a pocket, where they can explode, set clothing on fire, and cause serious burn injuries.

Lamp Oil and Lighter Fluid

Oil-filled lamps or torches on patios and backyards can cause severe burns if not properly secured, but there is another aspect of using these devices that often goes overlooked.  The fluids involved can cause life-threatening pneumonia in young children and adults if the fuel is inhaled. 

“Each year, the Poison Center receives an average of 400 calls regarding the ingestion of lamp oil and lighter fluid, the majority of which involve children under the age of five,” said Richard Clark, M.D., Emergency Department, UC San Diego Medical Center and Medical Director, California Poison Control System (CPCS).  “A common source of exposure occurs when lamp oil or lighter fluid is placed in a drinking cup or other container in order to transfer it to the lamp, torch or barbecue.”

Never transfer lamp oil or lighter fluid in a container normally used for eating or drinking.  Lamp oil and lighter fluid should be stored in the original, child-resistant packaging and insure the lid is securely tightened and out of the reach of children immediately after use.

UCSD Regional Burn Center Quick Tips:

  1. Store flammable liquids safely.
  2. Watch for hot tar and coals on the beach, and discard your own coals in a designated receptacle.
  3. Never leave a fire unattended.
  4. Never play games near a fire pit or campfire.
  5. Never use sand to extinguish a campfire. Sand insulates heat.
  6. Douse all campfires with water.
  7. Wear sun block whenever you are in the sun.

What to Do

  1. Do not put ice on small burns.  Use cool water, and in the event of a serious burn, immerse the affected area in a bath of cool water.
  2. Always discard smoking materials in a deep or wet receptacle.
  3. Keep matches out of reach of children.

Please remember:  Burn injuries can be serious.   In case of a serious burn injury, call 911 for an emergency response.

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Media Contact: Kim Edwards, 619-543-6163, kedwards@ucsd.edu

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