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HIPEC Outcome Data

Our HIPEC center is one of the busiest and most experienced in the world. We perform more HIPEC surgeries than any center in the western United States. Because of our experience, our outcomes are among the very best, and we are constantly working to improve them.

Facts and figures

  • Number of HIPEC surgeries performed: Approximately 621 between August 2007 and December 2018
    • 63% for appendix cancer
    • 22% for colorectal cancer
    • 9% for mesothelioma
    • 6% for other cancers
  • Median estimated blood loss (EBL): 150cc
  • Patients’ median peritoneal cancer index (PCI): 13
  • Median length of stay (LOS) in hospital: 9 days

Rate of complications


ComplicationUC San Diego HealthAverage published outcomes
Mortality0.8%2.3%
Any complication62.5%53.8%
Severe complication14.3%24.8%
Return to OR3.0%10.9%
Bowel leak2.5%7.9%
Abscess5.5%7.2%
Wound infection5.6%6.8%
Blood clot2.1%5.2%
Ileus (delayed gastric function of more than 7 days)13.6%5.1%*
Readmission (within 60 days of surgery)15.9%22.6%

* Published outcomes use alternate definition of ileus.
Notes: Data for UC San Diego is from August 2007 to December 2018.
Reference for average published outcomes: J Clin Oncol 2012;30(20):2449-56;

  • German: Ann Surg Oncol. 2019;26(1):148-154
  • Wake Forest: J Am Coll Surg. 2014;218(4):573-85
  • UK1: Eur J Surg Oncol. 2016;42(7):1035-41
  • UK2: Eur J Surg Oncol. 2015;41(3):396-9
  • Dutch: Ann Surg Oncol. 2013;20(13):4224-30
  • French: J Surg Oncol. 2016;113(7):796-803
  • NSQIP: JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(1):e186847
  • NSQIP Reasmission: J Surg Res. 2019;234:103-109
  • Israeli: J Surg Oncol. 2017;116(7):914-920
  • Umass: Ann Surg Oncol. 2019;26(2):490-49