NICU staff are encouraged to use the tools below to track milk volume and promote prolonged pumping. Educational materials for parents are offered in both English and Spanish and are available in PDF format for easy download and duplication. Other hospitals are welcome to use or adapt this material.
Explore the Resources
Research and Publications
From Other Hospitals
We're pleased when other hospitals use and adapt our resources. Visit
Shared NICU Resources to see what other facilities have done. These resources are also available for you to use.
Why These Resources Are Valuable
NICU staff have long been challenged to support optimal mother's milk nutrition in premature infants:
- Mothers who deliver small babies have many stressors; they can be sick themselves, worried about their ill child, economically disadvantaged and unable to obtain the proper equipment to pump.
- Prolonged pumping is difficult and must be done for months while the child is growing and unable to feed orally.
However, feeding small preemies with cow’s milk formula (if mother’s milk is not available) can lead to:
- Feeding intolerance
- Increased risk of infection
- Inflammation of the intestines called necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC)
- Poor brain growth
- Neurodevelopmental outcomes later in childhood.
Providing mothers of premature infants with up-to-date information and support for pumping is known to increase their success in producing milk.