Warfarin is a very individualized medication without a “standard” dose. In order to optimize the therapeutic effect and minimize complications such as bleeding, close monitoring of the degree of anticoagulation is required.
Outpatient Warfarin Initiation
During the initial stage of therapy, expect to check the INR frequently. The intervals between tests can be lengthened if the patient maintains stable target-range INR levels on an unchanged warfarin dose.
The process includes, checking baseline labs:
- CBC with platelets
- Liver panel
Also consider beginning with lower initial doses for:
- The elderly
- Malnourished or debilitated patients
- Patients with heart failure
- hepatic insufficiency
- Patients at higher bleeding risk
- Concurrent therapy with P450 inhibitors
Estimated Starting Doses
|Age 70+||5mg||M: 5mg
Ideally, INR should be checked within 3-5 days of the first warfarin dose. Steady state is achieved in 10-14 days.
|Dose Change||Increase 100%||Continue Same||Consider Decrease 10-20%||Decrease 25%||Decrease 50%||Hold 1-2 days and recheck INR|
|Days to next INR||3-5||5-7||5-7||5-7||5-7||2|
Other options: http://warfarindosing.org/Source/Home.aspx
After a dosing regimen is established, it is advisable to consolidate to a single strength of warfarin. While not problematic in select patients, use of multiple tablet strengths can lead to confusion, medication errors and adverse events.
Inpatient Warfarin Initiation
UC San Diego Inpatient Warfarin Initiation found through Web Ref provides a detailed daily guide to warfarin dosing.