Individuals diagnosed with HIV can expect to live nearly as long as those who are not infected with the virus, if they receive appropriate health care and lead a healthy lifestyle.
In fact, some HIV-positive individuals are more likely to die from alcohol use, COPD (lung changes from smoking) and drug overdoses than from HIV-related complications.
HIV-positive individuals should be aware that:
- Using drugs, alcohol and smoking can affect long-term quality of life.
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- Drug and alcohol use are major factors in the spread of HIV infection
- People with HIV are more likely to smoke than healthy people
- In people with HIV, smoking can make it more difficult to fight off serious infections
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